(Barcelona, April 20, 1893 – Palma de Mallorca, December 25, 1983) was a Spanish painter, sculptor, engraver and ceramist, considered one of the greatest representatives of Surrealism. In his works he reflected his interest in the subconscious, in the “infantile” and in the culture and traditions of Catalonia. Although he is associated to abstract art for his mature style of stylized and imaginary forms, in his youth he began in figuration, with strong fauvist, cubist and expressionist influences, moving to a flat painting with a certain naïve air, as is his acquaintance picture La Masía of the year 1920. From his stay in Paris, his work becomes more dreamy and dreamlike, coinciding with the points of surrealism and joining this movement.1 In numerous interviews and writings dating from the 1930s, Miró expressed his desire to abandon the conventional methods of painting, in his own words “kill them, kill them or violate them”, in order to favor a form of expression that was contemporary, and not wanting to bend to their demands and aesthetics even with their Commitments towards the Surrealists.2
One of his great projects was the creation in 1975 of the Joan Miró Foundation, located in Barcelona, a cultural and artistic center to spread the new trends of contemporary art, which was constituted with a large fund of works donated by the author. Other places with important funds of their works are: the Pilar and Joan Miró Foundation, in Palma de Mallorca; the Reina Sofía Museum and the Miró Space in Madrid; the Pompidou Center, in Paris; and the MOMA, in New York.